[TIP] py.test: How to define a test function with two or more parametrized arguments?
Stefano Lattarini
stefano.lattarini at gmail.com
Sat Mar 20 17:03:21 PDT 2010
At Saturday 20 March 2010, Benjamin Peterson <benjamin at python.org>
wrote:
> 2010/3/20 Stefano Lattarini <stefano.lattarini at gmail.com>:
> > Hello everybody.
> >
> > I want to make it clear first that I'm a newbie when it comes to
> > py.test, and I still don't understand test parametrization and
> > funcargs very well, so please forgive me if this is a stupid or
> > badly formulated question.
> >
> > Also, you might found it useful to know that I'm using python 2.5
> > and python 3.1 on Debian GNU/Linux, and that my py.test's version
> > is 1.2.1.
> >
> > My question is: there is a way to define a test function with two
> > or more parametrized arguments (provided by a
> > `pytest_generate_tests' hook), in a way that forces the test
> > function to run with *all possible combinations* of those
> > parametrized tests?
> >
> > An example might help to clarify the matter.
> >
> > I tried this:
> >
> > def pytest_generate_tests(metafunc):
> > if "an_even_number" in metafunc.funcargnames:
> > for e in (0, 2, 4, 6):
> > metafunc.addcall(funcargs={'an_even_number': e})
> > if "an_odd_number" in metafunc.funcargnames:
> > for o in (1, 3, 5, 7):
> > metafunc.addcall(funcargs={'an_odd_number': o})
> >
> > def test_with_multiple_parametrized_args(an_even_number,
> > an_odd_number): assert (an_even_number + an_odd_number) % 2 == 1
> >
> > expecting 16 tests to be run, one for each couple (x, y) with x
> > = 0, 2, 4, 6 and y = 1, 3, 5, 7.
>
> The is problem you only provided one funcarg at a time, so the call
> ended up trying to request the other one! A nested loop should work
> better. :)
>
Hello Benjamin. Thanks for your answer: it really helped me to better
understand the funcargs "magic".
Elaborating on your suggestion, I came up with an idiom which can be
used to combine flat lists of funcargs without using (too much)
boilerplate code.
I successfully used it to modify my previous example, making it work
the way I originally intended.
The modified example is attached, in case someone might find it useful.
Thanks again for your help,
Stefano
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